The invention of writing and the earliest literatures plural

the invention of writing and the earliest literatures plural

Since then many other scholars have used the term as being synonymous with Sanskrit literature, at the most extended to include Prakrit, Apabhramasa and Pali literatures. This form of writing survived more than two millennia.

Aijaz Ahmad, in his essay on Indian literature In Theory, has acknowledged the difficulties of positing such a unitary category.

These common features must have inspired the famous statement by S. The Phoenician alphabet is simply the Proto-Canaanite alphabet as it was continued into the Iron Age conventionally taken from a cut-off date of BC.

Evolution of writing

Arabic script was adopted as the primary script of the Persian language and the Turkish language. Only then will we be able to overcome the binary opposition between the singular and the plural as irreconcilable antinomies and arrive at a dialectical concept of Indian literature in its twin aspects of unity and diversity. The narrative is concerned chiefly with Gilgamesh's friendship with Enkidu, his quest for worldly renown and immortality, and his death. Particularly with the advent of digital technologies, namely the computer and the mobile phone, characters can be formed by the press of a button, rather than making a physical motion with the hand. This dilemma was best summed up by U. In modern times we have many writers who belong to the composite Hindi-Urdu tradition that can perhaps be called the Hindustani tradition, like Premchand, or bilingual writers like A. This is true of American, British, Australian, Canadian or Indian English literature where literatures mostly in the same language are given different nomenclatures. Since then many other scholars have used the term as being synonymous with Sanskrit literature, at the most extended to include Prakrit, Apabhramasa and Pali literatures.

Phoenicians, the Semitic peoples of the Palestine coast The Phoenicians have left us no literary texts, but the Hebrews, another Semitic people, used the system to record their history in what Christians call the Old Testament What is the Old Testament?

In Egypt, scribes developed a different form of writing.

evolution of writing and communication system

Internal and external struggle resulted in the destruction of the cities and the deportation of the population to Babylon B. Tamil, for example, had its own concepts like that of the tinai or terrains with their peculiar moods and contexts. Sorrows and triumphs of the Hebrews Concept of a single God, unique in the polytheistic ancient world 16 What is the legacy of the Hebrews?

oldest written text

The revival of literary development in Western Europe led to many innovations in the Latin alphabet and the diversification of the alphabet to codify the phonologies of the various languages.

Rated 10/10 based on 112 review
Download
The invention of writing and the earliest literatures