The inquisition and the catholic church
Spanish inquisition meaning
Second, it was concerned, in large part, with the converses. Therefore on 27 April, , Alexander IV authorized inquisitors to absolve one another of this irregularity. Another thing that is exaggerated by the press is the use of "torture" Footnote 3 to bring about a confession. Failure to appear was considered evidence of guilt. Innumerable books and pamphlets poured from northern presses accusing the Spanish Empire of inhuman depravity and horrible atrocities in the New World. They were wrong. Unrepentant men found guilty of heresy were handed over to the State for punishment, even though Church authorities did not always agree with the State's punishments. For a copy of the article without the picture email us , otherwise continue. Introduction to the Inquisition The Inquisition is often considered the "slam dunk" in the argument that the Catholic Church is not of God and that Religion is stale. The new tribunal a Its essential characteristic The pope did not establish the Inquisition as a distinct and separate tribunal; what he did was to appoint special but permanent judges, who executed their doctrinal functions in the name of the pope.
Far from being inhuman, they were, as a rule, men of spotless character and sometimes of truly admirable sanctityand not a few of them have been canonized by the Church.
Occasionally the popes had to put an end through their legates to similarly atrocious conditions. We had no part in the Inquisitions, nor has any Catholic alive today. But while he was gone to Beauvaisto ask advice of the bishops assembled there for a synod the "believing folk, fearing the habitual soft-heartedness of ecclesiastics clericalem verens mollitiemstormed the prison took the accused outside of town, and burned them.
The hardest penalties were imprisonment in its various degrees, exclusion from the communion of the Churchand the usually consequent surrender to the civil power. By far the greater number chose the latter. Bythe Inquisition lost authority in France.
Footnotes Click for a list of footnotes Footnote 1. Even the early reformers were not into "freedom of religion" and "free speech". Bernardo Gui, one of the most famous inquisitors, commented that torture was deceiving and inefficacious because it forced the confession. The Cathars were waging war on Christians and many were killed in southern France. It has been the cause of many people falling away from Christ. And so they did. Ironically, today the State is beginning to silence the Church on things like homosexual marriage.
On the other hand, in his writings against the Donatists he upholds the rights of the State: sometimes, he says, a salutary severity would be to the interest of the erring ones themselves and likewise protective of true believers and the community at large Vacandard, 1.
This principle could not be always followed. All manner of heretics were affected by this legislationand in various ways, by exile, confiscation of propertyor death. The Portuguese inquisitors mostly focused upon the Jewish New Christians i.
The inquisition and the catholic church
At the time of Galileo, it was know as the Congregation of the Holy Office. Most frequently certain good works were ordered, e. Thus, pastoral duty of the Magisterium is aimed at seeing to it that the People of God abides in the truth that liberates" Catechism, no. After that time, if the heretic didn't stop, they would hold court. For centuries this was the ecclesiastical attitude both in theory and in practice. The inhabitants were summoned to appear before the inquisitor. Also, kings generally saw themselves as guardians of the faith and believed it their duty to protect their people from error. Nevertheless, we must defend the truth, but as St. Chrysostom , as we have seen, had taught similar doctrine. Conscientious and sensible judges quite properly attached no great importance to confessions extracted by torture. Given the nature of its task, congregation work is divided into four distinct sections: the doctrinal office, the disciplinary office, the matrimonial office and that for priests. Originally oriented for a religious action, the Inquisition exerted an influence over almost every aspect of Portuguese society: political, cultural, and social. Elipandus of Toledo and Felix of Urgel, the chiefs of Adoptionism and Predestinationism , were condemned by councils, but were otherwise left unmolested. With the advent of the Reformation in the 16th century, another phase of the Inquisition began.
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