It elevated the Buddha Shakyamuni to the status of a deity and expanded the pantheon with past and future Buddhas and attendant bodhisattvas. Succeeding centuries brought a fusion of Buddha Dharma with Shaivite Hinduism.
Buddhism rejected the authority of the Upanishads, and divorced itself from many ethnic customs and traditions important to others in India.
A major part of Indian Buddhist writings were translated to form the Tibetan canon, which included tantric scriptures and commentaries, preserving many texts otherwise lost. Both Theravada and Mahayana traditions existed in India for many centuries.
The city of Tun-huang, at the Eastern, Chinese end of the Silk Road, became a major center for the translation of Buddhist texts from Sanskrit into Chinese.
For many modern Japanese, Buddhism is part of the national heritage that has a great many shaped many aspects of Japanese art, thought, and social life, but does not constitute a set of teachings of great contemporary interest.
In religious terminology, a "layperson" is a person who is not a monk of nun, called "householders" in traditional Buddhism.
Many of the Buddhist ways were considered alien by the Chinese and even contrary to the Confucian ideals that dominated the ruling aristocracy. But thus far there has been little crossover of Buddha Dharma from this source into host cultures. The religion studied by monks and nuns was generally more "spiritual" — compared to popular religion, it was more focused on internal spiritual change in individual persons, brought about through personal effort, self-discipline, and specially devised techniques such as meditation.
If faith can be understood as believing something which is unsupported by evidence, and ignorance is overcome by understanding, then faith is not enough to overcome ignorance and therefore suffering.
If we have attained this birth due to our karma deeds in our previous births, then how did we get our first birth?